Husband: John Clough

died at age: 77

  Born: 1614 in:
  Died: 26 Jul 1691 in: Salisbury, Essex Co, MA
  Ref: MULTIPLE - secondary      Occupation: House Builder/Real Estate
Ref. Multiple - secondary

Wife: Jane ________
  Died: 16 Jan 1679
  Ref: Multiple - secondary

F Child 1 Elizabeth Clough died at age: 64
  Born: 16 Dec 1642 in: Salisbury, MA
  Died: 30 Sep 1707 in:
  Ref: MULTIPLE Occupation:
  Spouse: William Horne d. 28 Jun 1689

F Child 2 Mary Clough
  Born: 30 Jul 1644 in: Salisbury, MA
  Ref: DBStevens

F Child 3 Sarah Clough died at age: 59
  Born: 28 Jun 1646 in: Salisbury, MA
 Died: 18 Mar 1706 in: Salisbury, MA
  Ref: Multiple - secondary
  Spouse: Daniel Merrill b. 20 Aug 1642 d. 22 Jun 1717
  Married: 14 May 1667 in: Newbury, MA
  Ceremony: Y

M Child 4 John Clough died at age: 70
  Born: 9 Mar 1648 in: Salisbury, MA
  Died: 19 Apr 1718
  Ref: MULTIPLE     Occupation: Yeoman
  Spouse: Mercy Page b. 1 Apr 1655 d. 25 Jan 1719
  Married: 13 Nov 1674 in: Salisbury, MA
  Ceremony: Y

M Child 5 Thomas Clough died at age: 97
  Born: 29 May 1651 in: Salisbury, MA
  Died: 9 Feb 1749 in: Salisbury, MA

F Child 6 Martha Clough
  Born: 22 Mar 1654 in: Salisbury, MA
  Ref: MULTIPLE Occupation:
  Spouse: Cornelius Page
  Married: 13 Nov 1674 in:
  Ceremony: Y

M Child 7 Samuel Clough died at age: 53
  Born: 20 Feb 1656 in: Salisbury, MA
  Died: 8 Mar 1709 in:
  Ref: MULTIPLE Occupation:
  Spouse: Elizabeth Brown
  Married: 3 Aug 1679
  Ceremony: Y

Wife: 2) Martha Cilley
  Married: 15 Jan 1686 his age: 72
  Ceremony: Y
  Died: 1692
  Ref. LDS-BT09-30-39

Martha may have had two children from a previous marriage. The Cilley name is one of early settlers of Hampton and Rye, NH

John Clough:

John (1) emigrated to the colony of Massachusetts in the year of 1635 on the ship Elizabeth and settled in Salisbury. He was a house builder and sold much land and real estate in the city. His wife, Jane, is said to have come over in the same ship with John; although documentation of this is not clear.
John had a large family. One of his sons, Thomas (2) who continued to live Poplin, NH where he married Meribah Ring. About 1765 when he was only 26 years old, both he and his wife were carried off in an epidemic. They left four children, Judith (5), John (5), Dorothy (5), and Benjamin (5). These orphans were left to the pitying care of relatives and friends. It was not known into whos hands was the lot of John to fall and we know nothing of him from the age of five to seventeen. Early in 1777, or before, when he was under 17, he appeared before a camp of soldiers and tried to enlist. He was rejected because of his small stature. But he hovvered about the camp until he caught the eye of the colonel of the regiment who interviewed him and took him into his tent and made him an errand boy.
When Burgoyne came down from Canada on his invasion of New York, there was great need for troops in American Camps and the lad was allowed to enlist. He was placed in Captain Michael Mc Clarey's company in the 3rd regiment of the New Hampshire Militia under Col. Alexander Scammill, in whos tent the boy had been finding refuge. The regiment was immediately sent to meet Burgoyne. with it went John Clough (5) who fought at both Stillwater and Saratoga, where Burgoyne surrendered. The regiment was then sent to reinforce Washington in Pennsylvania. Here John, with the New Hampshire troops wintered at Valley Forge, where they suffered from hunger, cold and nakedness. In the spring he fought at Monmounth, where his regiment played an important part.
Later the regiment was sent to chastise the indians that had committed the Massacre of Wyoming. And so John Clough marched on and fought until 1780 when
after three years service he was mustered out, still under the age of 20. Before 1784 he had gone to Readfield, ME where he married Elizabeth (Betsey) Savage, daughter of Captain Daniel Savage of N. Hallowell, ME.. In Readfield he brought up a large family and about 1810 he removed with them to Phillips, ME where he continued to live till about 1850. From 1818 until his death he was a U.S. Pensioner. In addition to his Revolutionary record he was in service for a time in the war of 1812 as were his sons, John (6), Daniel (6), Moses (6) and Benjamin (6).
His oldest son was John (6), who married Sybil Howard, daughter of Uriah Howard. John died while on a visit to his brothers Daniel and Moses at Protage, WI in 1855. He was burried there in Old Fort Winnebago Cemetary. John's (6) children were John Holman Clough (7), Benjamin Clough(7), Harriet Clough (7), Rosilla Clough (7), Velena Clough (7), Matilda Clough (7), Lydia Clough (7), Betsey Clough (7), and Adiline Clough (7). Betsey married Warren P Dyer.

The above Clough history was written by Laura C Dyer Knowles, daughter of Betsey and Warren Dyer.


Ref. DBStevens ( Salisbury vital records & BOOK - John Clough of Salisbury
by E. L. Spear)

John Clough:

In the custody of the Master of the Rolls at the Public Record Office in Chancery Lane, London, is filed the list of passengers who arrived in Charles Town in the Plantation of Massachusetts on the ship "Elizabeth" about mid-summer 1635. It reads: " John Clough - 22".

On Sept. 6, 1638, a charter was granted by the General Court "to begin a plantation at Merrimack." This town was named Colchester on Sept 4, 1639 but changed to Salisbury the following year.

John first married Jane. His second wife was the widow Martha (Blaisdell) Cilley [or Sibley (OFOS&A)] and they were married in 1698.

On the site now occupied by the railroad station in Salisbury, the home of John and Jane Clough was established.

He took the Freemans Oath in 1640 and Oath of Fidelity in 1650.

His will is dated 3 July 1691 and probated 3 Nov. 1691. He died in Salisbury 26 July, 1691


Ref. DDSouthall (information from" The Genealogy of the Decsendants of John Clough of Salisbury MA", Vol I Eva
Clough Spears, Editor. Published by the John Clough Genealogical Society.)

John Clough's birthplace had not been discovered at the publishing date of 1952. He sailed from England on the ship Elizabeth, arriving at Charlestown, MA mid-summer 1635.

He was not without sufficiant means as he paid for his passage of 25 puonds as well as 50 pounds to become a proprietor. He was granted as share of upland in Salisbury in the second land division. This could be done only if he posessed at least another 150 pounds.

His business ventures included one with a Robert Pike and Henry True in which they built a "vessel in Boston". It is speculated that because of this venture and others he arrived with a considerable funds.

His land holdings were many and were located in Salisbury, Amesbury, Haverhill, MA and in Kingston, NH.

All of his children were educated first by the minister and later by a Thomas Bradbury

Ref. BBrown (information from Worchester County history)

CLOUGH FAMILY. John Clough(1) the immigrant ancestor of that branch of the Clough family to which Dr. Benjamin F. Clough of Worchester belongs, was born in England in 1613. He was twenty-two years old in 1635, when he sailed for America in the ship "Elizabeth". The date of sailing is given as April 11. The name for many generations has been spelled variously Clow, Clough (pronounced to rhyme with "how") and Cluff, Cluffe, pronounced as written. (editorial note: I have found that Clough is also pronounced like Cluff. George Estey 02/19/1997) The established spelling Clough seems to be the proper way.

John Clough deposed in 1691 that his age was seventy-seven years, thus substantiating the approximate date of his birth obtained from his age at emigration. He may have lived in Boston for a time, but it is difficult to prove whether of the Boston records is John of Watertown or John of Salisbury. John of Watertown was a Taylor. The John Clough of this pedigree settled in Salisbury, was a proprietor there as early as 1639, and a house carpenter by trade. He had a second grant of land 1640, and others later. He wasadmitted a Freeman May 18, 1642 and took the oath of fidelity 1650, and was a commoner and taxoayer 1650. The general court granted to John Clough, then of Boston, a lot of land at Salisbury ( see Hoyt's Families) March 13, 1638/9, the record stating he had served his master four years, indicating that he was either apprenticed to learn his trade of carpenter or was bound out for a term - a common way of paying passage money. Or he may have been a prisoner of war. It seems most likely that he was apprenticed at Boston in some family that he knew in England and with whom he came to this country. He must have been counted a desirable citizen even as a young man, or he would not have granted land by the general court. He died July 26, 1691, and his will proved November 3d, following. He made bequests to his wife Martha; sons John, Samuel, and Thomas; son-in-law Daniel Merrill; daughters Elizabeth Horne and Sarah Merrill; the children of daughter Martha, wife of Cornelius Page, late of Andover, and other grandchildren. He married (first) Jane _____, died January 16, 1679. He married (second) Martha Cilley, or Sibley. Children of John and Jane Clough: 1. Elizabeth, born December 16, 1642; married _____ Horne. 2. Mary, born July 30, 1644, died before her father. 3. Sarah, born June 28, 1646; married May 14,1667, Daniel, son of Nathaniel Merrill. 4. John, born March 9, 1648/9; married November 13, 1674, Mercy Page; was eldest son in 1691. 5. Thomas, born May 29, 1651; married (first) Hannah Gile (second) Ruth Connor. 6. Martha, born March 22, 1654; married November 13, 1674, Cornelius Day. 7. Samuel, born February 20, 1656/7; married, August 31, 1679, Elizabeth Brown.

NOTE: The above Martha Clough, born March 22, 1654 married Cornelius Page in a double wedding with brother John and Mercy Page. She did not marry a Cornelius Day. The Worcester County Record has another error which is not copied here but should be noted. The record on (IV) Samuel Clough states that this Samuel is the son of Thomas when in fact he is the son of Samuel (3), grandson of Samuel (2) and great grandson of John (1). (George W. Estey, 12/11/1997)

Ref. DTerrill (from "The Complete Book Of Emigrants" by Peter Coldham pg.

Passage from Southamton on ship "Elizabeth", Mr. William Stagg, Captain, lists John Cluffe 22 and directly below it is an entry William Whitteredd, carpenter, 36. Dudley Terrill's thought is that John might have apprenticed to William. I wonder if William setteled in Boston and this is why John was in Boston (GWEstey 2-22-97 see Ref. BBrown above).

Ref DLMinarik ( source?)

John Clough, Founder of Salisbury, Massachusetts

John Clough was an Englishman who arrived in Charlstown, Massachusetts in mid-summer of 1635 on the ship Elizabeth. Like many of the twenty thousand Englishman who migrated to New England between 1620 and 1640, John Clough was a Puritan, yet he was even more of a dissenter than the pilgrims of Puritans of the Bay Colony; John Clough was a Presbyterian, a member of a religious sect that was forbidden to assemble in England by order of the King in 1610.

John sailed from his native England without publicity. He fulfilled the legal requirements by registering for his "cirtificate", or passport with the Master of the Rolls.

John Clough was not penniless. He paid a passage of no less than twenty-five pounds on the ship Elizabeth. He paid his fifty-two pounds to become a Proprietor of Salisbury. He received his share of upland in the second division of land which demanded that he possess at least another one hundred fifty pounds. He was soon joining Robert Pike* , a wealthy businessman, and Henry True in an enterprise of building a "Vessel in Boston", probably for the coasting trade which was a means of accumulating an income rapidly. All of these facts are convincing conclusions that John Clough received considerable funds from an inheritance in England, yet like many of the pioneers of New England, he left no record of his lineage or birthplace, either in England or in Massachusetts. He cut off completely all contacts with his home.

It is probable that John Clough quietly departed from England because of religious faith. He was not recommended for immigration by a minister of the Church of England according to the Public Record Office in London, however he was immediately admitted to to the church at Salisbury and made a Freeman in 1640, an honor that only members of churches received, and only men who were recommended by the General Court by influential men of the Commonwealth of the Bay Colony. This establishes the status of John Clough at the very beginning of the settlement, and indicates that he was well known to the leaders in this new Plantation.

John Clough's first lot in Salisbury was near the place where the railroad station is now (1950) located. There he erected his home and brought his wife, Jane. Unfortunately, no trace of the maiden name of Jane has been discovered. In several references to John Clough and Jane the statement has been found that both came to New England on the ship Elizabeth. Jane's name does not appear on the list of emigrants, at the Public Record Office in London, who sailed on the Elizabeth or any other ship.

The name Jane or Joan were common amoung the young women of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1635. Probably no trace of our maternal ancestor can be discovered. Although the statement is made in few books that John and Jane were married in England, this seems improbable, unless Jane followed John after 1635. Certainly no record of a Jane Clough has been read, although diligent search has been persued at the Massachusetts Genealogical Library in Boston.

Six of the children and probably the seventh were born in the original settlement in the home on the first lot. Both the boys and the girls attended school that was taught in the beginning by the minister and afterward by Thomas Bradbury.

Between 1656 and 1660 John Clough moved to Salisbury Plains, a distance of about two miles northwestward into the wilderness. There he purchased extensive tracts of land, from time to time, and erected his homestead. His rights as a commoner in the divisions "upland" probably permitted him to receive shares of land that is now part of Kingston, New Hampshire, which his grandchildren occupied in the early years of the eighteenth century. Also, John Clough purchased Proprietor's Rights in Amesbury and Haverhill, Massachusetts, which he gave to his son, Samuel, and his daughter Martha's children. John Gill joined in the movement to the Plains and soon other neighbors were Morrills, and Merrills with which families both sons and daughters of the Clough family intermarried frequently.

Jane died on 11 January 1679, and only her name and seven children are her memorial. She seems a woman of mystery, without a trace of her ancestry. Her burial place is unknown.

Seven years after the death of Jane, when all of his children were married and living in homes of their own, John Clough married a widow, Martha (Blaisdell) Cilley, The daughter of the Taverner, Ralph Blaisdell. On 16 March 1691, John Clough sold real estate to Onessiphrus Page and Martha signed off her dower rights to this property. A copy of the deed is preserved in the Probate Court House at Salem, Massachusetts.

In July 1691, John Clough made his last will, which was probated on 3 November 1691. The date of his death is not recorded. Probably John and Jane are burried in the Clough lot at the Salisbury Plains Cemetary.

No marker designates the spot, but the location of the grave of the eldest son, John, would indicate that the vacant space at the northeast corner of the lot should contain the dust of these ancestors, if the old custom prevailed in 1691 of placing the grave of the eldest son next to his parents.

The West Parish established the cemetary for a town burial place in 1705 or 1707. The headstone of John Clough, Jr., is the oldest dated marker in the cemetary, 1718, but many field stones are scattered in the Clough lot and surrounding family lots of Morrills and Merrills. The Clough lot is approximately thirty feet square.

* Reference to John Pike above: He was the minister of the First Church of Dover, NH. His journal is in the archives of the Massachusetts Historical Society. It was edited and published in 1876 by Rev. Alfonzo H. Quint. (from Gardner B. Pickup) Ref. HWHorne (Source ?)        

John Clough was probably in Wiltshire, England in 1613. At 22 years of age he sailed from London to America April 13, 1635, was in Charlestown, MA, 1639 and in Salisbury, MA, the same year with his wife Jane. He was a carpenter and a proprietor there and a landed citizen, and one of the original 12 proprietors in Salisbury. They felled trees and sawed plankes laboriously with pit saw, loaded them on scows and took them across the Merrimac River into a tidewater creek through the saltmarshes to a high pointthat became town land, Salisbury. This was an outlet for trade until the bridge across the Merrimac was built in 1793. The timber was sent to Boston to serve for decks of vessels to partake in coast trade.        

In 1640 John Clough was voted a Freeman, became a church member, and swore the Oath of Allegiance. In 1650 he took the Oath of Allegiance and Fidelity which was demanded of all Massachusetts residents as a pledge of loyalty in time of danger. He held 8 two-year terms on the "Jury of Tryals" from 1650 to 1677. He became established as a citizen of wealth and prominence.

The Clough name is found in northwestern England and Wales. It means a ravine or a split and originated in Normany where the ravine men lived. The Clough men came to England with William the Conqueror.